What is the Structure of your Skin?
Skin is the largest organ in the body.
The skin has three layers—the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis (also called the subcutaneous layer).
Epidermis: The epidermis is the relatively thin, tough, outer layer of the skin. Most of the cells in the epidermis are keratinocytes. They originate from cells in the deepest layer of the epidermis called the basal layer. New keratinocytes slowly migrate up toward the surface of the epidermis. Once the keratinocytes reach the skin surface, they are gradually shed and are replaced by younger cells pushed up from below.
Scattered throughout the basal layer of the epidermis are cells called melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin, one of the main contributors to skin color
Dermis: The dermis, the skin's next layer, is a thick layer of fibrous and elastic tissue (made mostly of collagen, elastin, and fibrillin) that gives the skin its flexibility and strength.
Hypodermis: Below the dermis lies a layer of fat that helps insulate the body from heat and cold, provides protective padding, and serves as an energy storage area.
What are the functions of the skin?
- Protection: an anatomical barrier from pathogens and damage between the internal and external environment in bodily defense; Langerhans cells in the skin are part of the adaptive immune system.
- Sensation: contains a variety of nerve endings that jump to heat and cold, touch, pressure, vibration, and tissue injury.
- Heat regulation: Dilatation of vessels increase perfusion and heat loss, while constricted vessels greatly reduce cutaneous blood flow and conserve heat.
- Control of evaporation: the skin provides a relatively dry and semi-impermeable barrier to fluid loss.
- Storage and synthesis: acts as a storage center for lipids and water
- Absorption: Oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide can diffuse into the epidermis in small amounts.
- Water resistance: The skin acts as a water resistant barrier so essential nutrients aren't washed out of the body.
How do i find my skin type?
This test needs to be done immediately when you get up in the morning.
take a tissue paper and unfold it so that it can cover your whole face
then gently press that tissue paper on your face for 5 seconds
then see the skin’s oil on the tissue paper
If the oil on the tissue paper can be seen all over then the skin is oil .
If the there is very little oil or no oil on tissue paper then the skin is dry .
If the oil on the tissue paper forms the T-Zone then skin is combination
types means the forehead, nose and chin area is oily.
Oily skin is caused due to excess activity of oil glands.
It has shiny appearance and feels sticky & oil
It has tendency towards developing acne.
Having extra oil protects to some extent from developing lines and wrinkles. Thus oily skin does not age early.
It needs to be moisturized with light non-comedogenic moisturizers which don’t increase the oiliness but at same time moisturize the skin.
Dry skin is caused by inactive oil glands that don't produce enough sebum for lubrication
It has a dull appearance and the skin feels dry and itchy.
The skin feels tight especially after cleansing and is prone to flaking and red patches.
It has a tendency toward fine lines and wrinkles.
Dry skin may appear ashy or dull from dead skin build up.
Dry skin needs to be hydrated regularly with fresh water mist as well as moisturized by rich hydrating creams or lotions. Calming and hydrating products with active yet gentle ingredients are the key to shedding the dry layers and revealing a bright, smooth complexion.
Normal skin is neither too oily nor too dry. The oil glands produce sebum at a moderate rate resulting in balanced state. The pores are medium-sized.
Combination skin type may have a slightly oily T-zone area (the forehead, nose and chin) and normal or patchy and drier skin on the cheeks.
Smooth and even texture of the skin with relatively good blood circulation.
Skin has a healthy colour and looks consistently plump, moist and vibrant.
What is Triangle of Youth?
A youthful face has 3 unique features: high cheekbones, full cheek volume and a well-defined jawline. These three attributes are often referred to as the “triangle of youth” with the base of the triangle being at the cheeks and the point at the chin.
As we age, this youthful triangle often becomes inverted. With aging facial bone changes, soft tissues (like muscles) fall due to gravity, and skin sags and droops downward. The face becomes more oblong, cheeks flatten and jowls appear. Facial fat-pads shift, while the fat-pads beneath the chin can increase in prominence, causing fullness between the neck and chin, also known as a “double chin.” The effect of the lower face getting fuller can be described as the pyramid of age.
What is Define Aesthetics approach for skin and face treatments?
We believe that restoring beauty goes much beyond just taking care of wrinkles or pigmentation. Hence at DEFINE AESTHETICS we introduce the next generation NANOTECHNOLOGY which is a true Anti-aging technology.
We use combination of treatments like Nano-Perfector, Chemical peels, Radiofrequency and Microdermabrasion to offer complete solution for your skin problems.