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Acne is a medical condition which is curable; the condition needs to be addressed with medications both oral and topical to prevent scarring. Its personal and social impact also needs to be discussed with the patient .it is a chronic disorder of the sebaceous (oil) glands leading to increased sebum (oil) production.
Face, back and chest (all areas rich in oil glands) Acne manifests in the form of lesions like –
Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection and reducing the inflammation or by doing all four. The treatment of acne starts with routine skin care. Cleansing - Using a good cleanser is the first step in the treatment of acne.
Topical medications - Topical medications in the forms of cream, gel, lotion, or solution are often prescribed to treat acne. Some of them are –
Benzoyl peroxide- Kills the bacteria (P. Acnes)
Tretinoin - Stops the development of new acne lesions (Comedones) and encourages cell turnover, unplugging pimples.
Adapalene- Decreases Comedones formation
Systemic medications to treat acne – Depending on the type of acne various systemic drugs can be prescribed.
(Note – All the drugs are to be taken only after the advice of a registered medical practitioner)
A 35 year old lady presented with severe Facial Acne
She had history of Acne, Acne scars and Pigmentation on her skin. She had tried Laser treatment earlier but results were not satisfactory.
At Define Aesthetics on examination it was found that she had Pustular and Nodular Acne Vulgaris. Skin was extremely ioly and sensitive. New eruptions were mainly occurring in Pre-menstrual phase.
She was given 11 treatments in combination of Salicylic Acid Peel and Nano-Perfector. In addition topical application of Clindamycin and Benzac was used on new eruptions. Also daily skin care suitable to her skin and healthy diet was advised.